The Pequot Warwas an armed conflict that took place between 1636 and 1638 in New England between the Pequot tribe and the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies.
The Pequot War
Facts about the Pequot War
- Armies - The Pequot tribe was lead by Sachem Sassacus. English Colonists from the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Saybrook and Connecticut Colinies was lead John Underhill and John Mason and included native american allies of the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes led by Sachem Uncas, Sagamore Wequash and Sachem Miantonomoh.
- Casualties - About 700 Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity.
- Outcome - The result of the Pequot War was the decisive defeat of the Pequot tribe.
Shortly thereafter, on May 26, 1637, the Pequot War’s first battle was fought. That battle occurred when a Pequot stronghold near what is now New Haven, Connecticut was attacked by a group of New England settlers led by John Underhill and John Mason.
When the forts in the stronghold were burned, around 500 Pequot tribe members were killed, including children and women. Some survived and split into smaller groups. One of those groups, led by Chief Sassacus, escaped, but was captured on July 28 near what is now Fairfield, Connecticut.
Some of the group members died on that date, while others were simply held captive and enslaved. Some of the enslaved Pequots were sent to the West Indies, while others were forced to serve the colonists. Sassacus and a few others escaped again, but the Mohawk Indians killed many of them.
Those Pequots that remained after that wound up being absorbed into other tribes across New England.
In September, 1638, the Mohegans and Narragansetts met at the General Court of Connecticut and agreed on the disposition of the Pequot survivors. It is known as the first Treaty of Hartford and was signed on September 21, 1638.
The war concluded with the decisive defeat of the Pequot. At the end, about seven hundred Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies. Other survivors were dispersed as captives to the victorious tribes.
The result was the elimination of the Pequot people as a tribe in what is now Southern New England. The colonial authorities classified the tribe as extinct; however, survivors remained in the area.