Dummer’s War started on July 25, 1722 with Massachusetts Governor Shute making a formal declaration of war on members of the Wabanaki Confederacy after a series of attacks.
Named after the Lt. Governor of Massachusetts, William Dummer who prosecuted the war.
The war came to an end with Peace treaties signed in Maine on December 15, 1725 and in Nova Scotia on June 15, 1726.
The conflict was also known as Lovewell’s War, Father Rale’s War (after Father Sébastien Rale who led the alliance with Chief Gray Lock and Chief Paugus and died in battle), Greylock’s War, the Three Years War, the 4th Indian War or the Wabanaki-New England War of 1722–1725.
Dummer’s War consisted of battles between British settlers of the three northernmost British colonies of North America of the time and the Wabanaki Confederacy (specifically Mi’kmaq, Maliseet, and Abenaki), who were allied with New France.
Dummer’s War was fought in the east along the border between New England and Acadia Maine and Nova Scotia. In the west it was fought in northern Massachusetts and Vermont along the border between Canada (New France) and New England.
The root cause of the conflict was tension over the ownership of these regions. The treaty that ended the war marked a significant shift in European relations with the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet.
The New Englanders were led by William Dummer, John Doucett, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia and Captain John Lovewell. The native tribes were led by Father Sébastien Rale, Chief Gray Lock and Chief Paugus.
For the first time a European power formally acknowledged that its dominion over Nova Scotia would have to be negotiated with the region’s indigenous inhabitants.
Northeast Coast Campaign (1723) occurred during Father Rale’s War from April 19, 1723 – January 28, 1724.
In May 1725, during a three-year conflict between English colonists and the Eastern Abenaki Nation, a thirty-four-man expedition led by Captain John Lovewell set out to ambush their adversaries, acquire some scalp bounties, and hasten the end of the war. Instead, the Abenakis staged a surprise attack of their own at Pigwacket, Maine, that left more than a third of the New Englanders dead or severely wounded. Although Lovewell himself was slain in the fighting, he emerged a martyred hero, celebrated in popular memory for standing his ground against a superior enemy force.
For Massachusetts Lt. Gov. William Dummer, making peace with the Indians in 1727 required diplomacy, capable militia officers and letter-writing, letter-writing, letter-writing.
On May 27, 1727, the war was winding down between the English colonists and the Indians, aided by the French, in what is now Maine, New Hampshire, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.